Redlich-Kwong equation of state

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The Redlich-Kwong equation of state is [1]:

\left[ p + \frac{a}{T^{1/2}v(v+b)} \right] (v-b) = RT.

The Redlich-Kwong equation of state has a critical point compressibility factor of [2]:

Z_c = \frac{p_c v_c}{RT_c}= \frac{1}{3}

leading to

a =  \frac{1}{9(2^{1/3}-1)}  \frac{R^2T_c^{5/2}}{p_c}  \approx 0.4274802336 \frac{R^2T_c^{5/2}}{p_c}

and

b = \frac{(2^{1/3}-1)}{3}  \frac{RT_c}{p_c}  \approx 0.08664034995 \frac{RT_c}{p_c}

where p is the pressure, T is the temperature and R is the molar gas constant. T_c is the critical temperature and P_c is the pressure at the critical point.

Soave Modification[edit]

A modification of the the Redlich-Kwong equation of state was presented by Giorgio Soave in order to allow better representation of non-spherical molecules[3]. In order to do this, the square root temperature dependence was replaced with a temperature dependent acentric factor (\omega):

\alpha(T)=\left(1+\left(0.48508+1.55171\omega-0.15613\omega^2\right)\left(1-\sqrt\frac{T}{T_c}\right)\right)^2

where T_c is the critical temperature. This leads to an equation of state of the form:

 \left[p+\frac{a\alpha(T)}{v(v+b)}\right]\left(v-b\right)=RT

or equivalently:

 p=\frac{RT}{v-b}-\frac{a\alpha(T)}{v(v+b)}

References[edit]