Difference between revisions of "Virial pressure"

From SklogWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Indeed, there was - sign missing)
m
Line 1: Line 1:
This is a common method to obtain the [[pressure]] from a general simulation (it is best suited for [[molecular dynamics]] since forces are evaluated in this case). For central interactions, one has:
+
The '''virial pressure'''  is commonly used to obtain the [[pressure]] from a general simulation. It is particularly well suited to [[molecular dynamics]], since forces are evaluated and readily available. For central interactions, one has:
  
 
:<math> p  =  \frac{ k_B T  N}{V} - \frac{ 1 }{ d V } \overline{ \sum_{i<j} {\mathbf f}_{ij}  {\mathbf r}_{ij} }, </math>
 
:<math> p  =  \frac{ k_B T  N}{V} - \frac{ 1 }{ d V } \overline{ \sum_{i<j} {\mathbf f}_{ij}  {\mathbf r}_{ij} }, </math>
  
where one can recognize an ideal term and another one due to the [[virial]]. The underline is an average, which would be a time average in molecular dynamics, or ensamble average in [[Monte Carlo]]; <math>d</math> is the dimension of the system (3 in actual world). <math> {\mathbf f}_{ij} </math> is the force '''on''' particle <math>i</math> exerted '''by''' particle <math>j</math>, and <math>{\mathbf r}_{ij}</math> is the vector going '''from''' <math>i</math> '''to''' <math>j</math>: <math>{\mathbf r}_{ij} = {\mathbf r}_j - {\mathbf r}_i</math>.
+
where one can recognize an ideal term, and a second term due to the [[virial]]. The overline is an average, which would be a time average in molecular dynamics, or an ensemble  average in [[Monte Carlo]]; <math>d</math> is the dimension of the system (3 in the "real" world). <math> {\mathbf f}_{ij} </math> is the force '''on''' particle <math>i</math> exerted '''by''' particle <math>j</math>, and <math>{\mathbf r}_{ij}</math> is the vector going '''from''' <math>i</math> '''to''' <math>j</math>: <math>{\mathbf r}_{ij} = {\mathbf r}_j - {\mathbf r}_i</math>.
 +
[[category: classical mechanics]]

Revision as of 16:10, 6 February 2008

The virial pressure is commonly used to obtain the pressure from a general simulation. It is particularly well suited to molecular dynamics, since forces are evaluated and readily available. For central interactions, one has:

 p  =  \frac{ k_B T  N}{V} - \frac{ 1 }{ d V } \overline{ \sum_{i<j} {\mathbf f}_{ij}  {\mathbf r}_{ij} },

where one can recognize an ideal term, and a second term due to the virial. The overline is an average, which would be a time average in molecular dynamics, or an ensemble average in Monte Carlo; d is the dimension of the system (3 in the "real" world).  {\mathbf f}_{ij} is the force on particle i exerted by particle j, and {\mathbf r}_{ij} is the vector going from i to j: {\mathbf r}_{ij} = {\mathbf r}_j - {\mathbf r}_i.