Thermal capillary waves
Hello, now I'm writing the same article for Russian wikipedia. While I was deducing the expression for mean square amplitude I found my result to be two times less than common one (that is in Molecular Theory of Capillarity and refered to in many articles). Could you please tell me weather I am right or not.
I claim that the mean energy of each mode is rather than . That's because each mode has to degrees of freedom and , since each wave is , with the energy of each mode proportional to . This obviously lead to the mean energy of each mode to be . That was the real notation and now lets turn to the complex notation.
Each mode with the fixed wave vector is presented as , — wave vector, — vector. The energy is proportional to (indeed it is ). According to equipartition:
A quick comment
I may be wrong, but looking at your derivation it seems the boundary conditions are not correctly described. If the system is fixed to some immobile frame, only terms should appear in the modes, not . If, on the other hand, periodic boundary conditions are applied, the opposite applies: only , not . This may explain the factor of that's missing... but I still have to think more carefully about this. --Dduque 09:58, 3 February 2009 (CET)