Difference between revisions of "Pressure equation"

For particles acting through two-body central forces alone one may use the thermodynamic relation

$p = -\left. \frac{\partial A}{\partial V}\right\vert_T$

Using this relation, along with the Helmholtz energy function and the canonical partition function, one arrives at the so-called pressure equation (also known as the virial equation):

$p^*=\frac{\beta p}{\rho}= \frac{pV}{Nk_BT} = 1 - \beta \frac{2}{3} \pi \rho \int_0^{\infty} \left( \frac{{\rm d}\Phi(r)} {{\rm d}r}~r \right)~{\rm g}(r)r^2~{\rm d}r$

where $\beta := 1/k_BT$, $\Phi(r)$ is a central potential and ${\rm g}(r)$ is the pair distribution function.