# Trotter formula

The **Trotter formula** is given by (^{[1]} Eq. 5):

where and are self-adjoint operators. This formula is used in the path integral formulation.

## References[edit]

**Related reading**

- Masuo Suzuki "Relationship between d-Dimensional Quantal Spin Systems and (d+1)-Dimensional Ising Systems - Equivalence, Critical Exponents and Systematic Approximants of the Partition Function and Spin Correlations", Progress of Theoretical Physics
**56**pp. 1454-1469 (1976) - Hans De Raedt and Bart De Raedt "Applications of the generalized Trotter formula", Physical Review A
**28**3575-3580 (1983) - R. Thieberger "On the convergence of the Trotter formula", Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General
**19**1551-1554 (1986) - Masuo Suzuki "Improved Trotter-like formula", Physics Letters A
**180**pp. 232-234 (1993) - Oscar Bolina " Trotter formula and thermodynamic limits", arXiv:physics/0202003v1 (3 Feb 2002)