Replica-exchange molecular dynamics
Replica-exchange molecular dynamics (REMD)  is a tempering method. In this method several replicas of the system are simulated at different temperatures. Every once in a while copies of the system are exchanged.
It has recently been pointed pointed out that one should be very careful which thermostat one employs, the wrong choice leading to non-ergodic behaviour . One should use a canonical ensemble thermostat .
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- Ben Cooke and Scott C. Schmidler "Preserving the Boltzmann ensemble in replica-exchange molecular dynamics", Journal of Chemical Physics 129 164112 (2008)
- Edina Rosta, Nicolae-Viorel Buchete and Gerhard Hummer "Thermostat Artifacts in Replica Exchange Molecular Dynamics Simulations", Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation 5 pp. 1393-1399 (2009)
- Hiqmet Kamberaj and Arjan van der Vaart "An optimized replica exchange molecular dynamics method", Journal of Chemical Physics 130 074906 (2009)
- Edina Rosta and Gerhard Hummer "Error and efficiency of replica exchange molecular dynamics simulations", Journal of Chemical Physics 131 165102 (2009)
- Jaegil Kim, Thomas Keyes, and John E. Straub "Generalized Replica Exchange Method", Journal of Chemical Physics 132 224107 (2010)
- Maksim Kouza and Ulrich H. E. Hansmann "Velocity scaling for optimizing replica exchange molecular dynamics", Journal of Chemical Physics 134 044124 (2011)</ref>
- Zhixiong Lin and Wilfred F. van Gunsteren "On the use of a weak-coupling thermostat in replica-exchange molecular dynamics simulations", Journal of Chemical Physics 143 034110 (2015)