# Radial distribution function

The **radial distribution function** is a special case of the pair distribution function for an isotropic system.
A Fourier transform of the radial distribution function results in the structure factor, which is experimentally measurable. The following plot is of a typical radial distribution function for the monatomic Lennard-Jones liquid.

## Density Expansion of the radial distribution function[edit]

The **radial distribution function** of a compressed gas may be expanded in powers of the density ^{[1]}

where is the number of molecules per unit volume and is the intermolecular pair potential. The function is normalized to the value 1 for large distances. As is known, , , ... can be expressed by cluster integrals in which the position of of two particles is kept fixed. In classical mechanics, and on the assumption of additivity of intermolecular forces, one has

where is the distance , where is the Mayer f-function

and

## See also[edit]

## References[edit]

- Related reading

- John G. Kirkwood and Elizabeth Monroe Boggs "The Radial Distribution Function in Liquids", Journal of Chemical Physics
**10**pp. 394-402 (1942) - J. L. Lebowitz and J. K. Percus "Asymptotic Behavior of the Radial Distribution Function", Journal of Mathematical Physics
**4**pp. 248-254 (1963) - B. Widom "On the Radial Distribution Function in Fluids", Journal of Chemical Physics
**41**pp. 74-77 (1964) - Kazuo Hiroike "Radial Distribution Function of Fluids I", Journal of the Physical Society of Japan
**12**pp. 326-334 (1957) - Kazuo Hiroike "Radial Distribution Function of Fluids II", Journal of the Physical Society of Japan
**12**pp. pp. 864-873 (1957) - J. G. Malherbe and W. Krauth "Selective-pivot sampling of radial distribution functions in asymmetric liquid mixtures", Molecular Physics
**105**pp. 2393-2398 (2007) - Sergey V. Sukhomlinov, Martin H. Müser "Determination of accurate, mean bond lengths from radial distribution functions", Journal of Chemical Physics
**146**024506 (2017)