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This article is a 'stub' about water and/or ice. It has no, or next to no, content. It is here at the moment to help form part of the structure of SklogWiki. If you add material to this article, remove the {{Stub-water}} template from this page.

Ice XII is metastable, having no region of stability in the ice phase diagram.


  1. Michael Koza, Helmut Schober, Albert Tölle, Franz Fujara and Thomas Hansen "Formation of ice XII at different conditions", Nature 397 pp. 660-661 (1999)
  2. István Borzsák and Peter T. Cummings "Molecular dynamics simulation of ice XII", Chemical Physics Letters 300 pp. 359-363 (1999)
  3. Ingrid Kohl, Erwin Mayer, and Andreas Hallbrucker "Thermal Properties of Metastable Ice XII", The Journal of Physical Chemistry B (Materials) 104 pp. 12102 - 12104 (2000)
  4. Christoph Salzmann, Ingrid Kohl, Thomas Loerting, Erwin Mayer, and Andreas Hallbrucker "The Raman Spectrum of Ice XII and Its Relation to that of a New "High-Pressure Phase of H2O Ice"", The Journal of Physical Chemistry B (Materials) 106 pp. 1 - 6 (2002)
  5. Thomas Loerting, Ingrid Kohl, Christoph Salzmann, Erwin Mayer, and Andreas Hallbrucker "(Meta-)stability domain of ice XII revealed between approx. 158–212 K and approx. 0.7–1.5 GPa on isobaric heating of high-density amorphous ice", Journal of Chemical Physics 116 pp. 3171-3174 (2002)
  6. G. P. Johari "Stability of ice XII relative to ice V and ice VI at high pressures", Journal of Chemical Physics 118 pp. 242-248 (2003)
  7. C.G. Salzmann, I. Kohl, T. Loerting, E. Mayer, and A. Hallbrucker "Pure ices IV and XII from high-density amorphous ice", Canadian Journal of Physics 81 pp. 25-32 (2003)
  8. Carlos Vega, Carl McBride, Eduardo Sanz and Jose L. F. Abascal "Radial distribution functions and densities for the SPC/E, TIP4P and TIP5P models for liquid water and ices Ih, Ic, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, XI and XII", Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 7 pp. 1450 - 1456 (2005)