Charles's law

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Charles's law states that

where is the volume, is the temperature and is a constant. This holds true for an ideal gas.


Charles's law was apparently discovered by Jacques Alexandre César Charles in 1787, as mentioned by Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac (Ref. 1):

"Although I had recognized on many occasions that the gases oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, carbonic acid, and atmospheric air all expand identically from 0° to 80°, citizen Charles had noticed the same property in these gases 15 years ago; however, since he never published his results, it is only by great luck that I knew it."

See also[edit]


  1. Joseph-Louis Gay-Lussac "The Expansion of Gases by Heat", Annales de Chimie 43 pp. 137- (1802)