These are structures that are found in cells. The best known biomembrane is the plasma membrane, that separates the cell from the exterior --- but many internal organelles of the cell have their own membranes. Lipids are considered to be their main structural ingredient. Typically, they are bilayer structures: amphiphilic aggregates in which the lipids expose their hydrophilic "heads" to the water, while shielding the hydrophobic "tails" in the interior.
The term "model membrane" has a twofold meaning. For theoreticians, it usually means a theoretical model of the actual microscopic system. For experimentalists, it means a simplified mixture in which only the main ingredients are employed (usually: water, one or several species of lipids, and salts).
- Maddalena Venturoli and Berend Smit "Simulating the self-assembly of model membranes" PhysChemComm 2 pp. 45-49 (1999)
- Berend Smit, Marieke Kranenburg, M., Maria Maddalena Sperotto, and Maddalena Venturoli "Mesoscopic models of biological membranes", Lecture Notes in Physics 704 pp. 259-286 (2006)
- Maddalena Venturoli, Maria Maddalena Sperotto, Marieke Kranenburg, and Berend Smit "Mesoscopic models of biological membranes" Physics Reports 437 pp. 1-54 (2006)