Hard cut sphere model

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Hard disks in a three dimensional space [1] (also known as platelets or hard-cut spheres) are sections of spheres which have some thickness L, obtained by slicing off the diametrically opposed caps of a sphere at a distance L/2 from the equatorial plane. Hard cut spheres have been used to study the isotropic-nematic phase transition [2] in liquid crystals, along with the columnar and cubatic phases [3][4].

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