SPC/E model of water

From SklogWiki
Revision as of 15:44, 23 February 2010 by Nice and Tidy (talk | contribs) (SPC/E moved to SPC/E model of water)
Jump to: navigation, search
Water icon.png This article is a 'stub' about water and/or ice. It has no, or next to no, content. It is here at the moment to help form part of the structure of SklogWiki. If you add material to this article, remove the {{Stub-water}} template from this page.

The extended simple point charge model, SPC/E is a slight reparameterisation of the SPC model of water, with a modified value for q_{\mathrm{O}}. The molecule is modelled as a rigid isosceles triangle, having charges situated on each of the three atoms. Apart from Coulombic interactions, the molecules interact via long-range Lennard-Jones sites, situated on the oxygen atoms. The parameters are as follows:

Thee site water model.png
parameter value
\sigma  3.166 {\mathrm {\AA}}
\epsilon 0.650 kJ mol-1
r_\mathrm{OH} 1.000\mathrm{\AA}
\angle_\mathrm{HOH} 109.47^{\circ}
q_{\mathrm{O}} -0.8476 e
q_{\mathrm{H}} q_{\mathrm{O}}/2 (charge neutrality)

The SPC/E model has a dipole moment of 2.351 D. (Ref. 1 Table I).

Surface tension

The surface tension has been studied for the SPC/E model by Vega and Miguel.

Phase diagram

SPC E phase diagram.png

Plastic crystal phases

Recent simulations have demonstrated the existence of plastic crystal phases for the SPC/E model.


  1. H. J. C. Berendsen, J. R. Grigera, and T. P. Straatsma "The missing term in effective pair potentials", Journal of Physical Chemistry 91 pp. 6269 - 6271 (1987)
  2. Swaroop Chatterjee, Pablo G. Debenedetti, Frank H. Stillinger, and Ruth M. Lynden-Bell "A computational investigation of thermodynamics, structure, dynamics and solvation behavior in modified water models", Journal of Chemical Physics 128 124511 (2008)